Reading Latin: Section 1A Grammar
Resources adapted from: Reading Latin (Second Edition) Peter Jones & Keith Sidwell.
(Click the blue links for the relevant resources)
Before we get started on ‘Learning Classical Latin’ I wanted to cover some elements of English grammar. Please understand I’m not trying to be patronising here, but I personally found going over some of the basics really useful, trust me, you will see why as we progress!
Take a look at this short video, then we will get started!
Sunday 29th July 2018
Verbs (1st conjugation)
1st Conjugation Verbs: Conjugate in the present like ‘ō’ e.g – am-ō, habit-ō, intr-ō, uoc-ō etc.
-ō, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt
amō, habitō, intrō, uocō, clāmō, parō
(translations of the above 1st conjugation VERBS are provided on the attachment)
Monday 30th July 2018
Verbs (2nd conjugation)
2nd Conjugation Verbs: Conjugate in the present like ‘eo’ e.g – habe-ō, time-ō, etc.
-ō, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt
hábeo, timeō, rīdeō, dēlēo, caveō, cēnseō
(translations of the above 2nd conjugation VERBS are provided on the attachment)
Tuesday 31st July 2018
The Latin Case System
At first this can be quite a tricky concept to get your head around, but I’m afraid there’s no way of escaping the Latin cases because they are key to learning and understanding how the language works!
Here’s a brief explanation of the importance of the Latin case system…
In English we determine the meaning of a sentence by the order in which the words come. So, for example the sentence ‘Man bites dog’ means something quite different from ‘Dog bites man’, this is for no other reason than the word order. BUT, if a Roman were to read this, it would have really confused them because in Latin, word-order does not determine the grammatical functions of the words in the sentence, it does however play a part in emphasis. What is important is the FORMS that the words take.
(adapted from Reading Latin (Second Edition) Peter Jones & Keith Sidwell, p.8).
Confused? I don’t blame you if you are, it took me a while to get to grips with this and I’m still working on it! Click on the link below to see a detailed break down of the Latin case system, then if you want you can watch the short video that concentrates on the nominative and accusative cases.
Wednesday 1st August 2018
Nouns – 1st & 2nd declension.
Now that we’ve built up an idea of how 1st & 2nd conjugation verbs are formed & we’ve covered the basics of the Latin case system, remember – Nominative, Vocative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative & Ablative? we can now move on to learning some Latin NOUNS.
Unlike Latin verbs which CONJUGATE, Latin nouns DECLINE. I know, more to remember, but once you get the hang of it, it’s actually quite straightforward.
Take a look at this useful video that explains the basics of declension…
(For the time being please don’t worry about 3rd declension nouns, we will come to those later. Pay particular attention to 1st & 2nd declension endings).
Important points to remember are:
- Nouns can be singular or plural.
- Nouns also possess ‘gender’ (masculine, feminine or neuter).
Click on the link below to see some examples of 1st declension feminine nouns.
serua, familia, filia, scaena, aula, corona
(translations of the above 1st declension NOUNS are provided on the attachment)
Thursday 2nd August 2018
Click on the link below to see some examples of 2nd declension masculine nouns.
(translations of the above 2nd declension NOUNS are provided on the attachment)
Sunday 5th August 2018
Prepositions: in & ad
in, ad + accusative
- in = ‘in to’ / ‘on to’ : accusative indicates direction towards which something moves.
- ad = ‘towards’
in + ablative
- in = ‘in’ / ‘on’ : ablative indicates position – at/on/in.
Monday 10th September 2018
We’ve now come to the end of the first grammar section (1A) of Reading Latin (Second Edition) Peter Jones & Keith Sidwell. Before we move on, it’s time to go over and consolidate the grammar that we’ve covered. So, take some time to look at the following…
- 1st conjugation verbs
- 2nd conjugation verbs
- 1st declension (feminine) nouns
- 2nd declension (masculine nouns)
- Prepositions – in & ad
Also – Take a look at the VOCABULARY BUILDER section. Although there’ll be some bits here that we haven’t covered, you’ll find examples of additional 1st & 2nd declension nouns and 1st & 2nd conjugation verbs! – Don’t worry about the Adjectives just yet!
In the mean time, here’s some Consolidated Grammar – 1st & 2nd Conjugation Verbs.
When you are ready, move on to section 1B by using the drop down tab on the menu or by clicking here!