Latin: Section 1B

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Reading Latin: Section 1B Grammar

Resources adapted from: Reading Latin (Second Edition) Peter Jones & Keith Sidwell.

(Click the blue links for the relevant resources)

Well done on completing Section 1A, please do take the time to continue to consolidate what you learned. It’s important to take the ‘little but often’ approach to learning a language. Going over the conjugation and declension tables in your head is a great way of ensuring that you remember them! Also, I’ve been told that chanting them in reverse is a sure fire way of getting them to stick! But you do what works best for you!

Now, before we launch into Section 1B, I wanted to pause for a moment and consider grammatical gender. It’s not that complicated to be honest, but as always it’s really important. Take a look at this short video which covers the basics.


Monday 13th August 2018

So far we’ve looked at 1st declension feminine nouns & second declension masculine nouns. Now, we move on…

3rd Declension Nouns

Remember that all nouns carry a gender, number & case – Nominative, Vocative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative & Ablative.

Important points:

  1. Nouns can be singular or plural.
  2. Nouns also possess ‘gender’ (masculine, feminine or neuter).
  3. Nouns in the 3rd declension have different endings depending on their STEM.
  4. These 3rd declension nouns are known as consonant stem & i-stem nouns.

Click on the link below to see an example of how a 3rd declension masculine consonant stem noun & a 3rd declension feminine i-stem noun is declined.

Section 1B – 3rd Declension Nouns

checkpointVocabulary Check-Point

fūr, aédis 

(translations of the above 3rd declension NOUNS are provided on the attachment)

 

Sunday 26th August 2018

1st & 2nd Declension Adjectives

We are now introducing adjectives into the running grammar. As I mentioned in Section 1A, I don’t intend to be patronising in any way, but it’s amazing how many people forget  the basics of english grammar. I for one learned this at school but it wasn’t until I took up Latin and had to recall this info that I realised how fundamental it was. So for those who need a refresher, read on…

Adjectives are words that describe the qualities or states of being of nouns: enormous, doglike, silly, yellow, fun, fast. They can also describe the quantity of nouns: many, few, millions, eleven.

Latin Adjectives – Remember the following important points:

  1. Adjectives provide additional information about nouns e.g – TALL man, FAST horse.
  2. Because nouns can be masculine, feminine or neuter, adjectives also have masculine, feminine & neuter forms.
  3. Adjectives must AGREE with nouns in number eg, Singular or Plural.
  4. Adjectives must AGREE with nouns in case eg, nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative & ablative.
  5. If anAdjective is used to describe a noun in Latin, then that adjective must AGREE with the noun in gender, number & case.

Section 1B – 1st:2nd Declension Adjectives

checkpointVocabulary Check-Point

múltus (m.), múlta (f.), múltum (n.)

(translations of the above 1 & 2nd declension ADJECTIVES are provided on the attachment)

 


Sunday 26th August 2018

Ok, so we’ve looked at 1st declension feminine nouns, second declension masculine nouns & 1 & 2nd declension masculine, feminine & neuter adjectives.

Now, it’s time to back-track a little and look at 2nd declension NEUTER nouns.

Re-iterating important points:

  1. Nouns can be singular or plural.
  2. Nouns also possess ‘gender’ (masculine, feminine or neuter).

Click on the link below to see an example of  a 2nd declension neuter noun.

2nd Declension NEUTER nouns

Section 1B – 2nd Declension Neuter Nouns

checkpointVocabulary Check-Point

sómnium, perīculum

(translations of the above 2nd declension neuter nouns are provided on the attachment)

 


Friday 31st August 2018

2nd Declension IRREGULAR nouns

Section 1B – 2nd Declension Nouns (irregular)

checkpointVocabulary Check-Point

déus

(translations of the above 2nd declension irregular nouns are provided on the attachment)

 


We’ve now come to the end of the second grammar section (1B) of Reading Latin (Second Edition) Peter Jones & Keith Sidwell. Before we move on, it’s time to go over and consolidate the grammar that we’ve covered. So, take some time to look at the following…

  • Grammatical gender
  • 3rd declension nouns
  • 1st & 2nd declension adjectives
  • 2nd declension neuter nouns
  • 2nd declension irregular nouns

Also – Take a look at the VOCABULARY BUILDER section.

When you are ready, move on to section 1C by using the drop down tab on the menu or by clicking here!

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